Diabetes Q & A
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic health condition that affects a large percentage of Americans. While older men and women have higher rates of diabetes, more and more children are being diagnosed.
The condition involves an inability to produce or make proper use of insulin, the hormone that enables glucose to enter your cells, where your body can convert that sugar into energy. There are two primary types of diabetes: Type 1 and Type 2.
Type 1 diabetes
People with Type 1 diabetes do not produce insulin due to an autoimmune condition that affects certain cells in the pancreas. Usually diagnosed at a young age, this form of diabetes is fatal if left untreated.
Type 2 diabetes
This form of diabetes is far more common than Type 1. People with Type 2 diabetes either don’t make enough insulin or aren’t able to make use of the insulin they do produce. Type 2 diabetes is closely linked with an unhealthy lifestyle.
Some women develop gestational diabetes during pregnancy. The condition usually resolves after childbirth but leaves you at a higher risk for Type 2 diabetes for the duration of your life.
What health problems can result from diabetes?
When glucose can’t enter your cells, it’s left to circulate in your blood. That places strain on your blood vessels and organs. There are few areas of your body that aren’t negatively affected by diabetes. Some of the health ramifications include:
- Dental disease
- Heart disease
- Nerve damage
- Sexual dysfunction
- Problems with your feet
- Kidney disease
- Eye health issues
Most men and women with diabetes encounter multiple health problems related to the disease. Treatment can help you live a longer and more fulfilling life.
What are some treatment options for diabetes?
Dr. Ennis creates a customized treatment plan for your exact set of needs. Medications may play a role in that plan. Supplemental insulin injections are a common treatment, and there are oral medications that can help control diabetes.
Making positive changes to your lifestyle is also a great way to bring your blood sugar down to a healthy level. Dr. Ennis can help you embrace a more nutritionally robust diet and find ways to incorporate more physical activity into your daily routines.
If you’d like to learn more about diabetes screening or treatment, book an appointment today by calling the office or using the online scheduling tool.
Notes: general description